Major PSNP Achievements
Despite some drawbacks, the food security program in general, and the PSNP in particular have been playing significant role in addressing food insecurity problems in the country. Millions of people have been benefiting from PSNP food and/or cash transfers that have enabled them ‘to meet consumption needs, reducing the risks they faced and providing them with alternative options to selling productive assets’. Empirical studies conducted on determinants of graduation show improved food consumption of the beneficiaries while the program was running. According to many research finding, the number of months that a household covered its food gap from own production improved, households asset holding levels increased, distress sale of assets decreased, the subjective measure of well-being for chronically food insecure households was better in 2010 as compared to 2008. In the woredas where there have been better leadership that well integrated PSNP and Other Food Security/Household Asset Building Program, households are able to save and accumulate assets only because of PSNP.
In the same way, PSNP has been greatly contributing to improve the livelihoods of the poor and environmental protection schemes across Ethiopia. It has contributed greatly to, inter alia, soil and water reservation schemes, development of infrastructure (school, health centres, roads connecting kebeles to each other and/or to the highway), potable water supply, and establishment of post maternity care service centres. In fact, the quality aspect remained an issue and unsolved thus far. It enabled the beneficiaries to be more resilient to shocks of various kinds and enhanced food security status of the poor. It protect asset depletion and improved agricultural production and productivity across the project areas. It also improved community assets such as degraded watershed rehabilitation, road, education facilities and health infrastructure and potable water points.
As it is stated in the fourth phase PSNP design document, food security situation of the beneficiaries in the highland areas showed improvement from 8.4 months per year in 2006 to 10.1 between 2010 and 2012 as a result of improvement on program implementation such as timeliness of transfer and full family targeting. Moreover, the public work component of the PSNP have contributed to the improvement of rural infrastructure and watershed development; improved access to education and health services through the construction and rehabilitation of thousands of health posts and schools; supported livelihood through the construction and rehabilitation of water infrastructures such as ponds, spring developments, hand dug wells, irrigation canals; and improved market access through the construction and maintenance of rural roads.